Prompt engineering examples

Prompt engineering is an essential technique used to enhance the performance of large language models (LLMs) across a wide range of tasks. It involves carefully crafting prompts that guide the model’s behavior and encourage it to generate more accurate, contextually relevant, and creative outputs. By providing specific instructions, engineers can effectively shape the way LLMs process and generate text, leading to improved results in areas such as text summarization, information extraction, response to questions, text categorization, dialogue, code generation, and reasoning.

Text Summarization: One application of prompt engineering is improving text summarization capabilities. For instance, let’s consider an LLM designed to summarize news articles. By providing a prompt like “Summarize this article in 100 words,” engineers can guide the LLM to produce a more concise and accurate summary that captures the key information and main ideas of the article.

Information Extraction: Prompt engineering can also enhance the performance of LLMs in information extraction tasks. For example, let’s say we want the LLM to extract all the people’s names mentioned in a given text. By providing the prompt “Extract the names of all the people mentioned in this article,” the LLM can be guided to identify and extract the relevant information, helping to create structured data from unstructured text.

Question Answering: LLMs can be trained to answer questions accurately and informatively. Prompt engineering can play a crucial role in improving their performance in this domain. For example, by providing a specific question like “What is the capital of France?” as the prompt, the LLM can generate the correct answer, which in this case would be “Paris.”

Text Classification: Prompt engineering can assist LLMs in accurately classifying text into different categories or genres. For instance, consider a scenario where we want an LLM to determine whether a given text is news or fiction. By providing the prompt “Classify this text as either news or fiction,” the LLM can analyze the text and correctly identify its genre based on the given instructions.

Conversation: LLMs are increasingly being used to generate human-like responses in conversational settings. Prompt engineering can be applied here to make the conversation more engaging and natural. For example, by instructing the LLM to “Continue this conversation as if you were talking to a friend,” the model can generate responses that mimic a friendly and informal conversational style.

Code Generation: Prompt engineering can help LLMs generate code for various programming tasks. For instance, if we want an LLM to generate code that prints “Hello, world!” to the console, we can provide the prompt “Generate the code to print ‘Hello, world!’ to the console.” The LLM can then generate the correct code snippet, such as “print(‘Hello, world!’)”.

Reasoning: Prompt engineering can assist LLMs in tackling reasoning tasks by providing guidance for logical thinking and problem-solving. For example, if we want the LLM to prove that the square root of 2 is irrational, we can provide the prompt “Prove that the square root of 2 is irrational.” The LLM can then generate a correct mathematical proof.

Tips for Effective Prompt Engineering:

  1. Be Specific: The more specific and clear the prompt, the better the LLM will understand and fulfill the desired task.
  2. Use Keywords: Identify the crucial keywords or phrases relevant to the task you want the LLM to perform. This helps direct the model’s attention and ensures accurate results.
  3. Provide Examples: If possible, provide the LLM with examples of the desired output. This helps the model learn the expected format and context.
  4. Negative Examples: In cases where certain outputs

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